OpenSSL is used by 1.30% of sites

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OpenSSL is a widely used open-source software library that provides cryptographic functions, such as encryption, decryption, digital signatures, and secure communication protocols. It is commonly used to secure communications over computer networks, including the Internet.

Key features and capabilities of OpenSSL include:

Secure Socket Layer/Transport Layer Security (SSL/TLS) Protocols: OpenSSL supports a wide range of SSL/TLS protocols, including SSLv3, TLSv1.0, TLSv1.1, TLSv1.2, and TLSv1.3. These protocols ensure secure communication between clients and servers, encrypting data and protecting it from unauthorized access or tampering.

Cryptographic Functions: OpenSSL offers a comprehensive set of cryptographic functions, including symmetric encryption algorithms (such as AES, DES, and 3DES), asymmetric encryption algorithms (such as RSA and Diffie-Hellman), hashing algorithms (such as MD5, SHA-1, and SHA-256), and digital signature algorithms (such as RSA and DSA). These functions enable secure data encryption, decryption, and authentication.

Certificate Management: OpenSSL provides tools for generating, signing, and managing digital certificates. It supports X.509 certificates, which are widely used for authentication and establishing trust in secure communications. OpenSSL allows for certificate creation, verification, revocation, and management of certificate chains.

Public Key Infrastructure (PKI) Support: OpenSSL supports the implementation of a Public Key Infrastructure, which is a framework for managing public key encryption and digital certificates. It enables the creation and management of certificate authorities, certificate signing requests (CSRs), and certificate revocation lists (CRLs).

Secure Communication Protocols: OpenSSL supports various secure communication protocols, including HTTPS (HTTP over SSL/TLS), SMTPS (SMTP over SSL/TLS), FTPS (FTP over SSL/TLS), and many others. These protocols ensure that data exchanged between clients and servers is encrypted and protected during transmission.

Command-Line Tools and APIs: OpenSSL provides a collection of command-line tools that allow users to perform various cryptographic operations and manage certificates. It also offers APIs (Application Programming Interfaces) for developers to integrate cryptographic functions into their own applications.

Cross-Platform Compatibility: OpenSSL is cross-platform and can be used on various operating systems, including Unix-like systems (such as Linux and macOS) and Windows. This allows for consistent cryptographic operations across different platforms.

OpenSSL is widely used in many applications, including web servers (such as Apache and Nginx), email servers, VPN software, secure file transfer protocols, and other systems that require secure communication and encryption. It has become a standard tool for implementing cryptographic functions and securing network communications in numerous software applications and systems.