MySQL is used by 14.76% of sites

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MySQL is an open-source relational database management system (RDBMS) that is widely used for managing structured data. It was originally developed by MySQL AB, and later acquired by Oracle Corporation. MySQL is known for its performance, reliability, and ease of use, making it a popular choice for many applications, ranging from small personal projects to large-scale enterprise systems.

Key features of MySQL include:

Relational Database Management System: MySQL follows the relational model, which organizes data into tables consisting of rows and columns. It supports the SQL (Structured Query Language) for querying, manipulating, and managing data in the database.

Data Integrity and Transactions: MySQL ensures data integrity by enforcing constraints such as primary keys, unique keys, foreign keys, and check constraints. It also provides transaction support, allowing multiple operations to be grouped together and executed atomically.

Scalability and Performance: MySQL is designed to handle high traffic and large data volumes. It supports various storage engines, including InnoDB (the default), MyISAM, and more, each with its own advantages and performance characteristics.

High Availability and Replication: MySQL offers features for high availability, including replication, which allows data to be replicated across multiple database servers. This enables load balancing, failover, and improved performance.

Security: MySQL provides various security features to protect data, such as user authentication, access control, and data encryption. It supports secure connections using SSL/TLS protocols.

Compatibility and Community: MySQL is widely supported and compatible with different operating systems, programming languages, and frameworks. It has a large and active community that contributes to its development, provides support, and creates plugins and extensions.

Stored Procedures and Triggers: MySQL supports stored procedures, which are pre-compiled database routines written in SQL. It also allows the creation of triggers, which are database actions that automatically execute in response to specified events.

MySQL is used in a wide range of applications, from websites and web applications to data warehousing and business intelligence systems. It integrates well with popular web development languages like PHP, Python, and Java, and it is often paired with web application frameworks like Ruby on Rails, Django, and Laravel.

Additionally, there are many tools and graphical interfaces available for managing MySQL databases, such as phpMyAdmin, MySQL Workbench, and Navicat. These tools provide visual interfaces for database administration, query building, and data modeling.